Amrita Dravya Foundation
Amrita Dravya Foundation

Eco-restoration of Commons

Graam Gochar Samvardhan

What are commons?

Commons in rural India refer to shared resources that are collectively owned, managed, and utilized by the local community. These resources include grazing lands, forests, water bodies, village commons, and community forests.

Why are commons important in rural India?

Commons play a vital role in rural livelihoods as they provide essential resources for agriculture, livestock rearing, fuelwood, and non-timber forest products. They contribute to food security, income generation, cultural practices, and social cohesion within communities.

How do commons affect rural livelihoods?

Commons directly impact rural livelihoods by providing access to resources necessary for sustenance and income generation. They offer opportunities for farming, grazing livestock, collecting forest products, and accessing water, reducing dependency on external sources and contributing to local economic activities.

How are commons managed in rural India?

Commons in rural India are often managed through customary rules and local institutions. Communities establish governance systems, establish usage rights, and regulate resource access to ensure equitable distribution and sustainable management.

What challenges do commons face?

Commons in rural India face various challenges, including overexploitation, encroachment, inadequate governance, and environmental degradation. Population pressures, land fragmentation, and unsustainable practices can threaten the sustainability and availability of these resources.

What is the significance of sustainable management of commons?

Sustainable management of commons is crucial to ensure their long-term availability and the preservation of rural livelihoods. By adopting sustainable practices, communities can protect the resources, maintain ecological balance, and ensure equitable access for future generations.

How can commons be protected and conserved?

Protecting and conserving commons in rural India requires a combination of local participation, community-based institutions, government support, and sustainable practices. Strengthening local governance systems, raising awareness, promoting sustainable resource use, and implementing conservation measures are essential steps.

How can the sustainable use of commons benefit rural communities?

The sustainable use of commons benefits rural communities by ensuring the availability of vital resources, supporting livelihoods, preserving cultural practices, and promoting social cohesion. It reduces dependency on external sources, enhances resilience, and contributes to the overall well-being of rural populations.

Our Project

Bhalbamora Graam Panchayat

Block - Kurwai (Pathari)
District - Vidisha

Madhya Pradesh, India 464337


Population - 3000+

Household - 750+


750+ acres

20 acres of waterbody

The Work

A. Water conservation

Desilting of lakes, ponds, and nalas.

  • Water storage capacity and groundwater recharge
  • Removed silt as fertilizer input

B. Grassland development

Plotting, cleaning, fencing, sowing, maintenance

  • Reduction of input cost & fodder security for cattle
  • Health & breed improvement for livestock

3. Indigenous tree plantation

Nursery, plantation, fencing, maintenance

  • Additional income layer for farmers
  • Ecological balance in times of climate change



Trees plantation


Household income impact